Audio (Hindi),  Culture,  Hindi,  Ladakh

Phugtal Monastery: The 2500 Year Old Cave of Liberation

In Ladakh’s Zanskar Valley, a 3-hour trek and a hanging wooden bridge leads to Phugtal Monastery, built around an ancient cave

Story by: Tenzin Choejor

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The Modest Beginnings of Phugtal Monastery

2500 years ago, Phugtal (also written as Phuktal Monastery) was just a cave in the mountains. Monks, scholars and anyone seeking enlightenment lived and meditated in this cave in complete isolation, for years at a stretch. That’s how Phugtal Gompa (monastery), built around the cave, got its name: Phug = cave, tal = liberation. One of the world’s oldest and most remote monasteries, situated in the rugged Zanskar Valley of Ladakh.

It is said that the most dedicated followers of Buddha, like the Arhats and Guru Padmasambhava, lived in the cave of liberation at different times, over a thousand years ago.

Phugtal Gonpa, built around a cave. Photo: Global Himalayan Expedition

Today, this Zanskar monastery is home to more than a hundred lamas (monks) – and still remains one of Zanskar’s most remote outposts. For those wondering how to reach Phugtal Monastery, getting there involves taking a dirt path built only last year, from Padum (Zanskar’s capital city) to my village Purne, deep in the valley. Followed by a 3-hour Phuktal Monastery trek along infinitely beautiful landscapes – stark brown mountains interspersed with lush greenery in the middle of nowhere. Ibex and blue sheep graze around fearlessly, for we believe in living with harmony with all living beings. The Tsarap River gushes beneath. And a hanging wooden bridge – not for the faint hearted – finally connects to the monastery across!

Monks enter the monastery at an age as young as 5! Photo: Lynn Harles.

This wooden bridge, known as Phugtal bridge, is currently the only connection between the two banks of Zanskar river. In 2015, heavy landslides and floods in the Tsarap River washed away all the other bridges. Since then, Phugtal bridge is the only medium for the monks of Phugtal Gonpa to access food supplies. The bridge and the trekking path leading to it are maintained by the monks and the locals of Cha, the nearest village.

The trek to Phugtal Monastery. Photo: Global Himalayan Expedition

The lamas enter the monastery at a very tender age, sometimes as young as five years old! The elder monks teach them about Buddhism and philosophy. The monastery school has been the only medium of education for the kids of Zanskar for years.

The monastery kitchen, built in part of the cave. Photo: Global Himalayan Expedition

For me, having grown up in this valley of folklores, wildlife and nature, the monastery is an abode of peace. It offers an expansive view of Tsarap River below, and small villages on the other side of the river. The history of the monastery is still visible on the wooden door of its kitchen – a bullet hole from a Mongolian or Tibetan attack a long time ago!

Aerial view of Phugtal monastery. Photo: Global Himalayan Expedition

I personally visit the Phugtal Gonpa to practice meditation and discuss dharma with the lamas. And always wonder if 2500 years ago, people felt the same sense of peace in this cave in the mountains.

The 2500 year old cave of liberation, now a monastery. Photo: Global Himalayan Expedition

*Note: Although Phugtal Monastery is well-supported by multiple organisations and volunteers, it still lacks waste management practices. A solar powered recycling machine and awareness about waste and its impact will go a long way.

View video snippets of this story

The Phugtal Gustor Festival. Video: Tenzin Choejor

A glimpse of Phugtal Monastery! Video: Tenzin Choejor

Meet the storyteller

Tenzin Choejor
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Choejor grew up in Zanskar's Purne village and dropped out of high school due to family responsibilities. He is an avid learner of renewable energy and related technology. He is a regular trekker, and loves to study and discover petroglyphs of the region. He likes to spend time farming and with family while not at work. He dreams of setting up his business in Zanskar.

Global Himalayan Expedition
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Global Himalayan Expedition (GHE) is a social enterprise dedicated to development of remote Himalayan communities through sustainable tourism and technology. They focus on providing basic energy access through installation of solar microgrids, creating digital education access through setup of computation labs and generating livelihood opportunities through community tourism. GHE till date has electrified 115 villages in Ladakh and Meghalaya and setup over 50 homestays in the villages.

One Comment

  • Divya

    I first came to know about this monastery when I saw a video on YouTube and I was mindblown on how beautiful it looked and how was it even constructed back then!
    The visuals outside and peace within, wants me to visit this place. Hope I can make it there someday.

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